Dyslipidaemia Associated With Daily Consumption Of Fried-Chicken Eggs In A 22-Month-Old Boy With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Alphonsus Ndidi Onyiriuka, Aisha Oiza Suleiman

Abstract


Background/Aim: Management of toddlers with type 1 diabetes poses a challenge not only to their families but also to the healthcare professionals involved in their care. The aim of this report is to highlight the potential adverse effect of daily consumption of excess amount of fried- chicken eggs on the serum lipid profile of a toddler with type 1 diabetes and the usefulness of computing the serum non-HDL-C in the detection of dyslipidaemia.

Case report: We report a case of a 22-month-old boy on follow up in our Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinic for type 1 diabetes. Maternal grandmother was feeding him daily with two fried chicken eggs with the aim of providing adequate nutrition as well as satisfying the perceived child’s likeness for eggs. Four months after commencement of daily consumption of two fried-chicken eggs, the child’s serum cholesterol (223mg/dl) and HDL-C (103mg/dl) increased by 2-folds. The patient’s serum triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterollevels were all found to be borderline high, using the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute 2011 criteria. The serum lipid profile normalized after adjusting the child’s dietary practice.

Conclusion: Daily consumption of excess amount of fried chicken eggs can potentially lead to dyslipidaemia in a toddler with type 1 diabetes and this is easily detectable by computing the serum non-HDL-C concentration.

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Keywords


Dyslipidaemia; Egg Consumption; Toddler; Type 1 Diabetes; Lipid Ratios; Non-HDL-C

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